Competition law and commercial agreements

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Competition law and commercial agreements guidance:

A key proposition underpinning EU competition law is that competing companies should act independently on markets. In principle, rivalry and competition can be expected...

Practice Note

This Practice Note is important first stage reading for analysing vertical restraints, that is, restrictions in vertical agreements caught by Article 101(1) TFEU (see The...

Practice Note

Intellectual property (IP) agreements relating to, for example, licensing of technology and for the joint development of new technology, may have a restrictive effect on...

Practice Note

There are several ways in which a supplier can distribute its product. A supplier may: • distribute products or services itself • use a distributor, or • use an agent. In...

Practice Note

This Practice Note makes frequent references to two legal instruments issued by the European Commission that are designed to assist parties and their advisors in...

Practice Note

As with other commercial arrangements, 'franchise agreements' are potentially subject to EU and Member State competition law requirements (in particular, the Article...

Practice Note

What is a joint commercialisation agreement? Joint commercialisation agreements involve cooperation between competitors with regard to the selling, distribution or...

Practice Note

Joint production agreements, whereby two or more parties agree the terms under which a product may be produced, are capable of giving rise to significant benefits for...

Practice Note

Joint purchasing agreements are agreements under which two or more companies (and indeed, often a significant number of companies) agree to jointly purchase all or part...

Practice Note

Land agreements are not an area that most people would associate with competition law concerns but care is needed to ensure that no such concerns arise. A land agreement...

Practice Note

Research and Development agreements (R&D agreements) are agreements under which two or more parties agree to jointly execute research work and/or jointly develop the...

Practice Note

Standardisation (or standard-setting) is a common practice and plays an important role in many industries and society more broadly—bringing about clear benefits by, for...

Practice Note

The growing economic importance of the online sector has brought it into the focus of competition authorities around the world including. In Europe, the European...

Practice Note

Most-favoured nation clauses (MFNs, also called parity clauses) are vertical arrangements whereby the terms and condition of supply are set by reference to the terms and...

Practice Note

Most manufacturers do not distribute their products themselves. Establishing a captive retail system is expensive and manufacturers normally outsource such activities to...

Practice Note

Europe Austria GTDT Vertical Agreements 2018 Austria European Union GTDT Vertical Agreements 2018 European Union France GTDT Vertical Agreements 2018 France Germany GTDT...

Practice Note