Analysing horizontal agreements

Analysing horizontal agreements guidance:

A key proposition underpinning EU competition law is that competing companies should act independently on markets. In principle, rivalry and competition can be expected...

Practice Note

Intellectual property (IP) agreements relating to, for example, licensing of technology and for the joint development of new technology, may have a restrictive effect on...

Practice Note

What is a joint commercialisation agreement? Joint commercialisation agreements involve cooperation between competitors with regard to the selling, distribution or...

Practice Note

Joint production agreements, whereby two or more parties agree the terms under which a product may be produced, are capable of giving rise to significant benefits for...

Practice Note

Joint purchasing agreements are agreements under which two or more companies (and indeed, often a significant number of companies) agree to jointly purchase all or part...

Practice Note

Research and Development agreements (R&D agreements) are agreements under which two or more parties agree to jointly execute research work and/or jointly develop the...

Practice Note

Standardisation (or standard-setting) is a common practice and plays an important role in many industries and society more broadly—bringing about clear benefits by, for...

Practice Note

Information exchange is a regular commercial practice which can increase transparency of price and other commercially sensitive information and, in some instances,...

Practice Note

Information exchange is a regular commercial practice which can increase transparency of price and other commercially sensitive information and, in some instances,...

Practice Note

A joint venture is a commercial arrangement whereby two or more independent companies combine or pool their resources, assets or business units in order to develop a...

Practice Note