The following Commercial practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
This Practice Note considers exclusion and limitation of liability in business-to-business (B2B) contracts. It provides guidance on the common law and statutory controls affecting exclusion and limitation of liability clauses (also known as limitation of liability clauses, limitation clauses, exclusion of liability clauses, exclusion clauses and exemption clauses), including the provisions of the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 (UCTA 1977) and the Misrepresentation Act 1967 (MA 1967).
It looks at what types of clauses constitute exemption clauses and the three key issues to consider when drafting such clauses or analysing them in a dispute:
It also considers the court’s approach to the exclusion or limitation of liability for certain types of breach (eg fundamental breach) and types of loss (eg direct loss, indirect and consequential loss, loss of profits, loss of use and loss of data), some of the common ways in which parties exclude or limit liability (eg financial caps, time bars, excluding rights of set-off) and exemption clauses and third parties.
For an overview of each section in this Practice Note and links to summaries of the key issues addressed, see: Quick view—contents and navigation below.
In this Practice Note, exclusion and limitation of liability clauses are collectively referred to as ‘exemption clauses’.
Drafting and negotiating exemption clauses
For a checklist of issues to consider when drafting or negotiating a limitation of liability
**Trials are provided to all LexisPSL and LexisLibrary content, excluding Practice Compliance, Practice Management and Risk and Compliance, subscription packages are tailored to your specific needs. To discuss trialling these LexisPSL services please email customer service via our online form. Free trials are only available to individuals based in the UK. We may terminate this trial at any time or decide not to give a trial, for any reason. Trial includes one question to LexisAsk during the length of the trial.
To view the latest version of this document and thousands of others like it, sign-in to LexisPSL or register for a free trial.
Existing user? Sign-in
Take a free trial
When restructuring is considered rather than formal insolvency proceedings (see Practice Note: Benefits of restructuring over formal proceedings) the company may want to ensure that relevant creditors quickly enter a standstill agreement to gain some breathing space to consider a restructuring
Who is a fiduciary?There is no comprehensive list of the relationships which give rise to the existence of fiduciary duties under common law. Some relationships are automatically fiduciary, eg those between trustee and beneficiary, solicitor and client, principal and agent, business partner and
BREXIT: As of 31 January 2020, the UK is no longer an EU Member State, but has entered an implementation period during which it continues to be treated by the EU as a Member State for many purposes. As a third country, the UK can no longer participate in the EU’s political institutions, agencies,
IntroductionShari'ah (also Sharia, Shariah or Shari’a) (literally, in Arabic, 'the path towards the watering place') or Islamic law is the legal system of the religion of Islam that sets out a system of duties or code of conduct for individuals to follow so that they may live their life in a
0330 161 1234
To view our latest legal guidance content,sign-in to Lexis®PSL or register for a free trial.