Incoterms® 2020—article by article comparison

The following Commercial practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Incoterms® 2020—article by article comparison
  • Article by article comparison of Incoterms® 2020 rules
  • General obligations
  • Delivery
  • Transfer of risks
  • Carriage
  • Insurance
  • Delivery/transport document
  • Export/import clearance
  • Checking/packaging/marking
  • More...

Incoterms® 2020—article by article comparison

Article by article comparison of Incoterms® 2020 rules

This Practice Note contains an article by article comparison of the Incoterms® 2020 rules, produced here with the permission of ICC Publishing SA. These and other ICC publications are available from ICC Publishing SA, 33-43 avenue du Président Wilson, 75116 Paris, France and from ICC United Kingdom, 1st Floor, 1-3 Staple Inn London, WC1V 7QH, United Kingdom, and www.iccwbo.org.

Incoterms® 2020 rules came into force on 1 January 2020, and updated Incoterms® 2010 rules to reflect changes to the market over the last decade. For an introduction on Incoterms® 2010 valid up until that date, see Practice Note: Incoterms® 2010—introduction.

This Practice Note displays an article by article comparison of the Incoterms® 2020 rules where each article is compared separately across all Incoterms. For a comparison table which considers all of the Incoterms® 2020 articles together, see:

and

General obligations

This table compares the seller’s general obligations under A1 General obligations for each Incoterm and the buyer’s obligations under B1 General obligations for each Incoterm. Notably, the requirements under A1 General obligations and B1 General obligations for each Incoterm are the same.

Incoterm® 2020Contents of A1 General obligations Contents of B1 General obligations
Ex Works (EXW)The seller must provide the goods and the commercial invoice in conformity with the

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