Scheduled monuments

The following Planning practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Scheduled monuments
  • What is a scheduled monument?
  • Who is responsible for scheduling?
  • Identifying nationally important monuments
  • Scheduled Monument Consent
  • Procedure for obtaining SMC
  • Class Consents
  • Compensation
  • Offences
  • Scheduled monument enforcement notices in Wales
  • More...

Scheduled monuments

What is a scheduled monument?

A scheduled monument is a 'nationally important' archaeological site or historic building, which is protected against unauthorised change. The purpose of scheduling is to help preserve such monuments and to keep them in their original state as far as possible.

A 'scheduled monument' is defined in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 (AMAAA 1979) as any monument included in the schedule compiled and maintained by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport.

A monument means any:

  1. building, structure or work, whether above or below the surface of the land, and any cave or excavation

  2. site comprising the remains of any such building, structure or work or of any cave or excavation, and

  3. site comprising, or comprising the remains of, any vehicle, vessel, aircraft or other movable structure or part thereof which is not covered in the above, and

  4. any other site comprising any thing(s), that evidence(s) previous human activity

Who is responsible for scheduling?

Scheduled monuments are added to the ‘Schedule’ (the list of legally-protected monuments) by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, under the AMAAA 1979. Historic England takes a leading role in identifying nationally important monuments and archaeological remains in England, but individuals can also suggest scheduling. Historic England advises the Secretary of State on decisions for scheduling and de-scheduling.

Identifying nationally important monuments

The policy

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