Introduction to EU food law

The following EU Law practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Introduction to EU food law
  • Key EU food legislation
  • Key definitions of food law
  • What is food law?
  • What is food?
  • What is food business?
  • Key principles of food law
  • Risk analysis
  • Precautionary principle
  • Transparency principle
  • More...

Introduction to EU food law

This Practice Note provides an introduction to food law in the EU. It provides an overview of the key definitions, general principles, key requirements and enforcement of food law with reference to the relevant provisions of the EU legislation. This Practice Note is focused on EU food law. Examination of UK food law is beyond the scope of this document.

Key EU food legislation

Following a series of food incidents in the late 1990s, the Commission realised the need to create a legislative framework, setting up general principles and requirements concerning food law. In 2000, the Commission proposed an integrated approach to food safety in its White Paper on Food Safety in response to the complexification of the food production chain.

In 2002, as a result of the White Paper on Food Safety, Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 known as the regulation on general food law or General Food Law, was adopted to regain the trust of EU citizens in the safety of food within the EU market.

The General Food Law introduces the general principles and requirements of food law, establishes the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and lays down procedures regarding food safety (see below). Its objectives are to remove differences between Member States which could hinder the free movement of food, to guarantee that unsafe food is not placed on

Popular documents