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Practice notes
HarmonisationDefinitionHarmonisation, also known as standardisation or approximation, refers to the determination of EU-wide legally binding standards...
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Produced in partnership with Professor Alexander Türk of King’s College London 18th Jun
Practice notes
The four freedoms—goods, services, establishment and capitalFree movement of goodsRestriction on importsScope of the prohibitionArticle 34 of the...
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Produced in partnership with Dr Alexander Türk, Professor of Law of King’s College London 18th Jun
Practice notes
Free movement of EU workers and citizensEU workers and EU citizens enjoy the right of freedom of movement. This right is granted to EU workers in...
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Produced in partnership with Professor Alexander Türk of King’s College London 18th Jun
Practice notes
Structure and functions of EU institutions and bodiesThe EU’s unique institutional frameworkThe European Union is a supranational polity, and is...
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18th Jun
Practice notes
Overview of the EU legal systemIntroduction to the EU legal systemThe EU legal system is sui generis—there is no other legal system it can be compared...
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Produced in partnership with Laura Bolado of Andes Legal Consulting Ltd 18th Jun
Practice notes
EU public procurement case trackerIP COMPLETION DAY: 11pm (GMT) on 31 December 2020 marks the end of the Brexit transition/implementation period...
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7th Jun
Practice notes
Challenging EU DirectivesIn briefAccording to settled case law, the Court of Justice of the European Union has the exclusive competence to declare an...
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Produced in partnership with Professor Alexander Türk of King’s College London 6th Jun
Practice notes
ProportionalityDefinition of proportionalityThe principle of proportionality requires that EU and Member State action shall not to go beyond what is...
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Produced in partnership with Professor Alexander Türk of King’s College London 6th Jun
Practice notes
Remedies for breach of EU lawIn addition to the means of enforcement of EU law available to the EU institutions under the EU infringement procedure,...
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Produced in partnership with Laura Bolado of Andes Legal Consulting Ltd 6th Jun
Practice notes
EU internal competenceThe limits of EU competencesThe limits of EU competences are governed by the principle of conferral (also known as principle of...
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Produced in partnership with Professor Alexander Türk of King’s College London 6th Jun
Practice notes
Introduction to the Court of Justice of the European UnionJudicial bodies of the Court of Justice of the European UnionThe Court of Justice of the...
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Produced in partnership with Professor Alexander Türk of King’s College London 6th Jun
Practice notes
Obligation to transpose and process EU DirectivesThe transposition of EU Directives is the process by which EU Member States give effect to Directives...
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Produced in partnership with Adam Cygan of University of Leicester 5th Jun
Practice notes
Public procurement—European Union—Q&A guideThis Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to public procurement in European Union...
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5th Jun
Practice notes
European legislative processEU lawThe EU’s core objective of achieving European unification is based exclusively on the rule of law. EU law is an...
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Produced in partnership with Pagonia Basia, EU specialist 5th Jun
Practice notes
Implications of infringement of EU lawAny infringement of EU law by a Member State will impair the effectiveness of EU law. Moreover, infringements...
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Produced in partnership with Adam Cygan of University of Leicester 5th Jun
Practice notes
Amendment and ratification of EU TreatiesThe amendment of the EU Treaties is essential for the development of the European Union. It allows EU...
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Produced in partnership with Laura Bolado of Andes Legal Consulting Ltd 5th Jun
Practice notes
Infringement proceedings against EU Member StatesUnder Article 17(1) of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), one of the European Commission’s core...
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Produced in partnership with Adam Cygan of University of Leicester 5th Jun
Practice notes
Direct effect of EU lawWhat is direct effect of EU law?The doctrine of direct effect is a fundamental principle of EU law developed by the Court of...
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Produced in partnership with Laura Bolado of Andes Legal Consulting Ltd 5th Jun
Practice notes
Indirect effect of EU lawWhat is indirect effect of EU law?The doctrine of indirect effect, or consistent interpretation, is a duty that national...
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Produced in partnership with Laura Bolado of Andes Legal Consulting Ltd 5th Jun
Practice notes
EU external competenceThe EU’s external responsibilities are defined in accordance with whether they are conferred on the EU or on the Member States....
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Produced in partnership with Adam Cygan of University of Leicester 5th Jun

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