Convention rights
Produced in partnership with Alexander Campbell of Field Court Chambers
Convention rights

The following Public Law guidance note Produced in partnership with Alexander Campbell of Field Court Chambers provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Convention rights
  • Article 1—obligation to respect human rights
  • Article 2—right to life
  • Article 3—prohibition of torture
  • Article 4—prohibition of slavery and forced labour
  • Article 5—right to liberty and security
  • Article 6—right to a fair trial
  • Article 7—no punishment without law
  • Article 8—right to respect for private and family life
  • Article 9—freedom of thought, conscience and religion
  • more

The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) was adopted by the Council of Europe in 1950. The ECHR sets out the rights and freedoms which the contracting parties are required to respect and secure to everyone in their jurisdiction, including rights to:

  1. life

  2. freedom from torture and other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

  3. freedom from slavery and forced or compulsory labour

  4. liberty and security of the person

  5. a fair trial

  6. prohibition of retroactive penal legislation

  7. private and family life, home and correspondence

  8. freedom of thought, conscience and religion

  9. freedom of expression

  10. freedom of assembly and association

  11. marry and found a family

  12. an effective remedy for a violation of the rights

  13. freedom from discrimination in respect of specific rights and freedoms

These rights are defined in the main Articles to the ECHR and are enhanced by a series of Protocols covering a range of further issues, including:

  1. peaceful enjoyment of possessions

  2. education

  3. free elections

Some Protocols have not been ratified or signed by the UK.

The rights specified in the ECHR as incorporated in UK law are referred to as Convention rights. The main legislation incorporating the ECHR into UK law is the Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA 1998). Not all of ECHR provisions are ratified and incorporated in UK law, but UK courts are required to interpret all legislation in a manner