Energy and Brexit—Euratom and the UK Nuclear Sector
Produced in partnership with Ian Truman of Burges Salmon
Energy and Brexit—Euratom and the UK Nuclear Sector

The following Environment guidance note Produced in partnership with Ian Truman of Burges Salmon provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Energy and Brexit—Euratom and the UK Nuclear Sector
  • 1 What is Euratom?
  • 2 What are the Euratom Treaty’s key provisions
  • 3 Euratom and Brexit
  • 4 UK Nuclear Law and Euratom
  • 5 Key impacts of the UK leaving Euratom
  • 6 The government’s Brexit White Paper of 12 July 2018

1 What is Euratom?

The Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (‘the Euratom Treaty’) was signed in 1957 by six founding States (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands).

Since 1957 every state acceding to what is now known as the EU, has automatically become a member of the Euratom Community, whether or not the state concerned has any nuclear facilities within its territory.

The main objective of the Euratom Treaty is to contribute to the formation and development of Europe’s nuclear industry and to ensure security of supply of ores, source materials and special fissile materials within the Euratom Community.

2 What are the Euratom Treaty’s key provisions

In order to achieve its overall objective, the Euratom Treaty places a number of obligations on the Euratom Community relating to:

  1. the promotion of research and the dissemination of technical information

  2. the establishment and application of uniform safety standard to protect the health of workers and of the general public

  3. the facilitation of investment and ensuring the establishment of the basic installations necessary for the development of nuclear energy in the Community

  4. ensuring that all users in the Community receive a regular and equitable supply of ores, source materials and special fissile materials

  5. making certain that nuclear materials are not diverted to purposes other than those for which they