The following Planning practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
This Practice Note summarises the planning regime for hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, in England. While the process is similar in Scotland and particularly in Wales, there are some distinct differences due to recent constitutional changes in the UK. Additionally, the devolved administrations have imposed an effective ban on fracking in their countries. This Practice Note does not seek to address these differences.
The government has made clear in a Written Ministerial Statement (WMS) that, on the basis of the current scientific evidence, and in the absence of compelling new evidence, it has taken a presumption against issuing any further hydraulic fracturing consents. Fracking will not be allowed to proceed in England on the basis of scientific analysis published by the Oil and Gas Authority (OGA) on 2 November 2019. The OGA report found that it is not currently possible to accurately predict the probability or magnitude of earthquakes linked to fracking operations.
For an overview of other regulatory issues and consenting regimes which are applicable to fracking, see Practice Note: Fracking—regulatory issues.
Shale gas is a natural gas (predominantly methane (CH4)) found in shale rock (a sedimentary rock). Shale gas is classed as an unconventional fossil fuel, which means that additional procedures/techniques, beyond drilling, are required to extract it, such as 'hydraulic fracturing' or 'fracking'. Fracking involves the injection at
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What is quia timet relief?Injunctions are generally awarded where a party has already suffered a wrong. For guidance on injunctions generally, see Practice Note: Injunctions—guiding principles. However, an injunction may be sought before a party's rights have been infringed on the basis that they
Company directors are not, by virtue only of their office as director, automatically entitled under company law to remuneration for services as a director or to reimbursement of expenses incurred in rendering such services. Power to pay directors remuneration for their services will need to be
This Practice Note is an archive of news from the Loan Market Association (LMA) on LMA documentation and related topics. It covers LMA updates from early 2013 to January 2016. For the latest LMA developments since January 2016, see Practice Note: Loan Market Association (LMA)—latest news on
This Practice Note provides a high-level introduction to diversity and inclusion (D&I) and key reasons why it is important to law firms. Specific aspects of D&I are covered in more detail in Practice Notes:•The growing focus on diversity and inclusion (D&I) in law firms•Unconscious bias—law
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