Internet of Things (IoT)—key legal issues
Produced in partnership with Pat Treacy and Matthew Hunt of Bristows LLP
Internet of Things (IoT)—key legal issues

The following TMT guidance note Produced in partnership with Pat Treacy and Matthew Hunt of Bristows LLP provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Internet of Things (IoT)—key legal issues
  • The technology behind the IoT
  • Identifying the legal issues
  • Application Programming Interfaces (APIs)
  • Telecommunications and electrical equipment
  • Intellectual property and associated rights arising in the IoT
  • Intellectual property ownership and licensing issues
  • Key competition issues arising in connection with the IoT
  • Consumer protection
  • Liability and fault
  • more

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a term commonly given to everyday objects (not just traditional computing devices, such as laptops and smartphones) which are connected to the internet and share data with one another.

IoT technology can be applied to objects as diverse as running shoes, buildings, cars, fridge-freezers and drones. Using embedded technology, these objects can communicate and interact over the internet with each other and/or their environment, and they can be remotely monitored and controlled.

This Practice Note provides an introduction to IoT technology and considers the following issues in relation to it:

  1. The technology behind the IoT

  2. Identifying the legal issues

  3. Application programming interfaces (APIs)

  4. Telecommunications and electrical equipment

  5. Intellectual property rights arising in the IoT

  6. Intellectual property rights ownership and licensing issues

  7. Key competition issues arising in connection with the IoT

  8. Consumer protection

  9. Liability and fault

  10. Compliance requirements

  11. The appropriate contracting model

  12. Legal issues of the future

This Practice Note does not consider the data protection, privacy or security issues arising in connection with data collected, transferred or processed by the IoT. These issues are addressed in a separate Practice Note: Internet of things (IoT)—data protection, privacy and security.

The technology behind the IoT

There is no single accepted definition of the IoT, but, put simply, the IoT can be described as a system of devices that