The following Energy practice note produced in partnership with Alex Clayton of Addleshaw Goddard and Ellen Beardsworth of Addleshaw Goddard provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
Through Anaerobic Digestion (AD) or the gasification and pyrolysis of organic matter, biogas can be produced. Biogas is a mixture of methane (approx 60%), carbon dioxide (approx 40%) and traces of other contaminant gases.
The biogas produced can then be combusted to provide heat, electricity, or both. Alternatively, the biogas can be purified and have propane added to become biomethane which is suitable for injection into the mains gas grid network in the UK (so called ‘gas to grid’). Although the focus of this note is gas to grid, for context we also provide a brief overview of the other ways in which biogas is typically used to generate energy (below).
(AD—AD is the creation of digestate and biogas (mainly methane), through the breakdown of an organic feedstock in the absence of oxygen by microorganisms. This process occurs in an insulated sealed container, heated between 35°C and 55°C. For further detail on what AD is, see Practice Note: Anaerobic digestion—technology.)
(Gasification and pyrolysis—gasification and pyrolysis are thermal processes that use high temperatures to break down the relevant feedstock. The main difference from traditional mass-burn incineration is that these technologies use less oxygen than the latter. The feedstock is broken down to create gas, solid and liquid residues. The pyrolysis process thermally degrades waste in the absence of oxygen. The gasification
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This Practice Note provides an introduction to intercreditor agreements and their key provisions. This Practice Note:•explains the purpose of having an intercreditor agreement and when an intercreditor agreement would be used instead of a deed of priority or subordination deed•provides links to
Criminal offences are generally divided into two categories: •conduct crimes, and •result crimesA conduct crime is a crime where only the forbidden conduct needs to be proved. For example, an accused is guilty of dangerous driving if they drove a motor vehicle dangerously on a road or other public
Voluntary manslaughterVoluntary manslaughter consists of those killings which would be murder (because the accused has the relevant mental element for murder) but which are reduced to manslaughter because of one of the three special defences (loss of control, diminished responsibility or suicide
This Practice Note considers the doctrine of forum non conveniens, also referred to as the appropriate forum or the proper place for a dispute to be determined. This doctrine is of relevance when determining whether the courts of England and Wales have jurisdiction to hear a dispute and is applied
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