The following TMT practice note Produced in partnership with Charles Russell Speechlys provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
This Practice Note considers appeals against decisions made by the communications regulator in the UK, Ofcom. In this context, it takes account of relevant EU directives (as transposed into UK law), considers the establishment and functions of Ofcom and the ways in which Ofcom’s regulatory decisions may be challenged at the Competition Appeal Tribunal (CAT) (and subsequently the Court of Appeal), and/or the High Court.
The EU regulatory framework on electronic communications (the Framework) was established in 2002 with the aim of strengthening competition by facilitating market entry and stimulating investment in the electronic communications sector. See Practice Note: EU regulatory framework for electronic communications.
The Framework consists of a number of directives, the primary one being Directive 2002/21/EC on a common regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services (the Framework Directive). This is supported by Directive 2002/20/EC (the Authorisation Directive), Directive 2002/19/EC (the Access Directive), Directive 2002/22/EC (the Universal Services Directive) and Directive 2002/58/EC (the ePrivacy Directive). In 2009, these directives were amended by Directive 2009/140/EC (the Better Regulation Directive) and Directive 2009/136/EC (the Citizens’ Rights Directive). The Framework Directive was designed to deal with divergences between Member States and aimed to establish a harmonised framework for the regulation of electronic communications networks and services. Key aspects of the Framework Directive for the purposes of this Practice Note are:
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The Standard Conditions of Sale (SCS), currently in their 5th edition (2018 revision), are a set of standard conditions which are commonly incorporated into contracts for the sale of residential property. The Standard Commercial Property Conditions (Third Edition—2018 Revision) (SCPC) are used for
This Practice Note considers the question of when court proceedings can be stayed. It identifies scenarios in which a party may apply for a stay of proceedings, including to allow for: a jurisdictional challenge; arbitration; an attempt to settle; related criminal proceedings; an opportunity to
Defending a tort claim—general considerationsIn reality, many claims are ‘defended’ on the basis that the defendant either did not owe the claimant a duty, or there was no breach of duty or there was a break in the chain of causation.In each of those cases, the claimant has failed to establish that
The Third EditionThe third edition of the Standard Commercial Property Conditions was published on 27 April 2017. It is an update to Standard Commercial Property Conditions (Second Edition) (the Second Edition), which was published in June 2004. It is intended to reflect the changes in law and
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