Article 4 directions
Article 4 directions

The following Planning practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Article 4 directions
  • When article 4 directions should be used
  • Statutory requirements
  • Other considerations
  • Types of article 4 direction
  • Immediate/non-immediate directions
  • Restrictions on use of article 4 directions
  • Statutory undertakers
  • Procedure for making an article 4 direction
  • Confirmation of the article 4 direction
  • More...

Article 4 directions can be used by local planning authorities (LPAs) to withdraw permitted development rights that would otherwise apply by virtue of the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 2015, SI 2015/596 in England (the England GPDO) or the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995, SI 1995/418 in Wales (the Wales GPDO).

An article 4 direction does not prevent the development to which it applies, but instead requires that planning permission is first obtained from the LPA for that development.

For more information see Practice Notes: Permitted development in England, Permitted development rights and the prior approval system and Permitted development in Wales.

When article 4 directions should be used

Statutory requirements

The LPA must be satisfied it is expedient that development that would normally benefit from permitted development rights should not be carried out unless permission is granted for it on an application.

Other considerations

Government guidance in England advises that the use of article 4 directions should be limited to situations where this is necessary to protect local amenity or the wellbeing of the area. The potential harm that the direction is intended to address will need to be clearly identified.

There should be a particularly strong justification for the withdrawal of permitted development rights relating to:

  1. a wide area (eg those covering the entire area of an LPA, National Park or Area of Outstanding

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