The following IP Q&A provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
By operation of law in the UK, most intellectual property rights in materials created by an employee in the course of their duties belong to the employer. This includes designs, copyrights, and inventions (which may be patentable).
For example, see the following statutory provisions:
sections 39–41 of the Patents Act 1977 (PA 1977)
section 2(1B) of the Registered Designs Act 1949
section 215(3) of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 (CDPA 1988)
CDPA 1988, s 11(2)
The duty of fidelity means that an employee should disclose the existence of such material to the employer to allow it to benefit from the relevant intellectual property rights.
For further information, see Practice Notes:
The duty of fidelity and fiduciary duties
Securing intellectual property rights from employees and contractors
Patents—employee rights and compensation
For further reading, see Commentaries:
Employees, shareholders and directors: Roughton, Johnson and Cook: The Modern Law of Patents [9.18]
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