The following Dispute Resolution practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
This Practice Note deals with admissions prior to the issue of the claim form. For information on admissions after issue of the claim, see Practice Note: Admissions.
Pre-action admissions fall into two categories:
admissions made in proceedings where CPR 14 applies
admissions made in all other claims where there are no applicable CPR provisions
CPR 14.1A was introduced to cover pre-action admissions made in claims where personal injury, clinical disputes and disease and illness claim pre-action protocols apply. CPR 14.1B was introduced to cover admissions made under the Pre-action Protocol for Low Value Personal Injury Claims in Road Traffic Accidents or the Pre-action Protocol for Low Value Personal Injury (Employers' Liability and Public Liability) Claims. For further information, see Practice Note: Pre-action admissions under CPR 14 in personal injury cases.
There are no clear guidelines as to when or how pre-action admissions that do not fall within CPR 14 should be made. Based on general legal principles, however, a party should consider making a pre-action admission:
in writing where possible, as written evidence carries more weight than oral evidence
as early as possible to reduce
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