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Practice notes
What is a tort?This Practice Note provides an introduction to tort law by addressing three questions:•what does the concept of being liable in tort...
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Produced in partnership with Sri Carmichael of Hardwicke Chambers 19th May
Practice notes
What is a third party debt order (TPDO)?This Practice Note explains what a third party debt order (TPDO) (previously known as garnishee orders) is as...
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19th May
Practice notes
How to apply for a third party debt order (TPDO)This Practice Note provides guidance on the interpretation and application of the relevant provisions...
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19th May
Practice notes
Third party rights—the common law doctrine of privity of contractThis Practice Note discusses the common law doctrine of privity of contract; the...
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19th May
Practice notes
Skeleton argumentsThis Practice Note provides guidance on the interpretation and application of the relevant provisions of the CPR. Depending on the...
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19th May
Practice notes
Equitable remedies in contractual disputesWhile the primary remedy for contractual breach is that of damages (see Practice Note: Contractual...
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Produced in partnership with Zainab Hodgson of CMS 19th May
Practice notes
Default judgment—requirement to set aside promptly under CPR 13.3This Practice Note considers the requirement under CPR 13.3(2) for the defendant to...
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19th May
Precedents
[insert name and address of claimant or claimant’s legal representative][insert date]Without prejudice—save as to costsDear [insert organisation...
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Produced in partnership with David Juckes, Barrister of Hailsham Chambers 19th May
Q&As
Can Form N181 (directions questionnaire) be signed by way of electronic signature and, if so, will the court accept an electronic signature as...
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19th May
Practice notes
Fixed costs—money claimsTypes of claimsThese types of claims fall into two categories which are set out in CPR 45.1(2)(a) and (b): •CPR...
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19th May
Practice notes
Witness summonsWhere a party to proceedings wishes to compel a witness to attend court or produce documents to the court, they may consider using a...
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19th May
Practice notes
Costs budgeting—completing Precedent H (costs budget)On 1 October 2020, changes to both section II of CPR 3 and CPR PD 3E dealing with costs budgeting...
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19th May
Practice notes
Contract interpretation—terms implied by lawExpress and implied contractual terms distinguishedContractual terms may be either express or...
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19th May
Practice notes
The tort of procuring a breach of contractAs set out in The economic torts—overview, the law makes provision to protect a person’s trade or business...
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19th May
Practice notes
Documents to be served on the defendantThis Practice Note sets out the documents that need to be served on the defendant alongside the claim form in...
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19th May
Practice notes
Service of the claim form in the jurisdiction—deemed service (CPR 6.14)This Practice Note considers what is meant by the phrase ‘deemed service’ in...
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19th May

Most recent Service in England and Wales content

Practice notes
Timetable for statements of caseThis Practice Note refers to old provisions in Part 6 which are subject to savings provisions post 31 December 2020....
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15th Sep
Practice notes
Service of the claim form in England and Wales—process flowA claim form is issued by the court. Following this, the claim form will need to be served...
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13th Sep
Practice notes
Serving the defenceThis Practice Note sets out the rules that apply when seeking to serve the defence in proceedings. The rules are set out in Section...
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9th Sep
Practice notes
Certification of service of the claim form (CPR 6.17)This Practice Note provides guidance on the certificate of service of the claim form (Form N215)....
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9th Sep
Practice notes
Serving documents under the Companies Act 2006Parallel regimes in the CPR and the Companies Act 2006CPR 6.3(2) provides that when serving a company...
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9th Sep
Practice notes
Witness evidence—serviceServing witness statementsIf you wish to rely on witness evidence, it must be set out in a witness statement, which must be...
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9th Sep
Practice notes
When the claim form is valid for service (CPR 7.5)This Practice Note considers the question when do I need to serve the claim form?. The time limits...
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9th Sep
Practice notes
Acknowledgment of serviceThis Practice Note explains when an acknowledgment of service is required (CPR 10) and the consequences of a failure to file...
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9th Sep
Practice notes
Service of the claim form by a contractually agreed method (CPR 6.11)This Practice Note considers service of the claim form where there is an agreed...
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9th Sep
Practice notes
Service of the particulars of claimThis Practice Note considers service of the particulars of claim. It covers the specific time periods by which it...
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9th Sep
Practice notes
Service of the claim form—service in the jurisdictionCoronavirus (COVID-19): The ability to serve a claim form within the requisite time period may be...
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9th Sep
Q&As
Does the use of ‘may be’ in CPR PD 36, para 1.1 allow for an offer to be validly accepted without using Form N242A as the notice of acceptance? Does...
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Produced in partnership with Jonathan Edwards of Radcliffe Chambers 9th Sep
Q&As
When suing a prisoner, is the governor's permission needed to issue the claim? On the claim form, should the name of the defendant and the prison...
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Produced in partnership with Chris Bryden of 4 King’s Bench Walk 9th Sep
Q&As
Can I serve a claim form by email if a defendant is domiciled in two different countries due to work commitments?When seeking to serve a document in...
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9th Sep
Q&As
Can court proceedings be stayed when a claim form has been issued at court, but not yet served on the defendant?Proceedings are started when the court...
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9th Sep
Q&As
When completing N1 claim form where the claimant’s address is in Germany but they have UK solicitors acting for them, can the claimant’s address be...
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Produced in partnership with David Willink of Lamb Chambers 9th Sep
Q&As
Can a person domiciled in an EU Member State be a litigant in person in the English courts?There is no general definition in the CPR of a 'litigant in...
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9th Sep
Q&As
Can a notice of change of solicitor be used to notify the court of a change of address for service, eg where a firm changes its registered office but...
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9th Sep

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