The Paris Agreement 2015—snapshot
The Paris Agreement 2015—snapshot

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • The Paris Agreement 2015—snapshot
  • Background on the UNFCCC
  • Does the UNFCCC impose legally binding obligations?
  • The Kyoto Protocol
  • Lead up to Paris
  • NGOs, civil society and media
  • Overview of principal outcomes of COP 18 and COP 19
  • Overview of principal outcomes of COP 20
  • The EU position
  • The UK position
  • More...

The Paris Agreement 2015—snapshot

Brexit impact

11 pm (GMT) on 31 December 2020 marks the end of the Brexit transition/implementation period entered into following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. At this point in time (referred to in UK law as ‘IP completion day’), key transitional arrangements come to an end and significant changes begin to take effect across the UK’s legal regime. Any changes relevant to this content will be set out below. For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on environmental law and News Analysis: Brexit Bulletin—key updates, research tips and resources.

TitleParis Summit (COP 21/CMP 11)
LocationParis, France
DateDecember 2015
SubjectImplementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol

Background on the UNFCCC

The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international treaty agreed at the 1992 ‘Earth Summit’ in Rio de Janeiro. Its objective is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent man-made climate change. There are 192 signatories (referred to as parties) to the UNFCCC. The initial objective of the UNFCCC was to establish national benchmark figures for greenhouse gas emissions, with a base year of 1990. The Conference of the Parties (COP) meets annually to:

  1. assess progress in dealing with climate change, and

  2. as the meeting of parties to the protocol (CMP) to negotiate

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