259. Stowage of cargo.

A ship seaworthy in herself may be rendered unseaworthy by reason of her cargo1. It is essential that she should be fit to encounter the perils of the voyage as a laden ship2. A ship cannot, therefore, be regarded as seaworthy if she is overloaded at the time of her departure3, or, more accurately, at the commencement of the stage of the adventure next after the loading4, or if she carries on deck goods which, having due regard to the safety of the ship, ought not to be carried there5.

Similarly, the ship may be rendered unseaworthy by the method