162. Freedom of navigation and jurisdiction over foreign ships on the high seas.

162.     Freedom of navigation and jurisdiction over foreign ships on the high seas.

The high seas are open to navigation by ships of all states whether coastal or land-locked1. No state may interfere with the ships of other states or exercise jurisdiction over them on the high seas2 in time of peace3, except within the contiguous zone4, or in exceptional cases expressly provided for in international treaties5 or otherwise by consent of the flag State6, or under the authority of the United Nations Security Council7, or under the doctrine of hot pursuit8, or in the exercise of