478. Rights of shipper or receiver where not the charterer.

As a general rule, a cargo-interest (whether shipper or receiver) who is not a charterer is entitled to hold his contractual carrier (whether owner or charterer) responsible for his goods, and to claim delivery of them on the terms of the bill of lading1. The contractual carrier cannot rely on any terms in the charterparty which are not incorporated in the bill of lading2. The cargo-interest cannot, therefore, be required to pay freight at a rate greater than that fixed by the bill of lading, even if such a greater rate is expressly specified in the charterparty3. The carrier