42. Protected persons.

The fourth Geneva Red Cross Convention is the Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War1. The persons protected by this convention are those who at any given moment and in any manner whatsoever find themselves, during a conflict or occupation, in the hands of a party to the conflict or occupying power of which they are not nationals2.

Nationals of a state which is not bound by the convention are not within its protection; and nationals of a neutral state who find themselves in the territory of a belligerent, as well as nationals of a