Since 1856 there have been many international agreements and conventions1 to regulate the conduct of war and to lessen the sufferings both of those engaged in it and also of the civilian populations of the countries in which it takes place.
The main agreements are the Hague Conventions and Declarations of 18992 and 19073, and the Geneva Conventions of 1864, 1906, 1929 and 1949, also known as the 'Geneva Red Cross Conventions', and their two additional protocols of 1977 and their third protocol of 20054. Among others are the Declaration of Paris 18565, dealing with aspects of warfare at sea;
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