Trusts for bereaved minors

By Tolley

The following Trusts and Inheritance Tax guidance note by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:

  • Trusts for bereaved minors
  • What is a trust for a bereaved minor?
  • Qualifying conditions for a trust for bereaved minors
  • More than one beneficiary
  • Trusts created other than on the death of a parent
  • Failure of the trust conditions

What is a trust for a bereaved minor?

The special category of ‘Trusts for bereaved minors’ (TBM) was introduced by Finance Act 2006 to provide IHT concessions for trusts in favour of children with a deceased parent. Before 22 March 2006, such trusts would have been included within the more wide-ranging Accumulation and Maintenance (A&M) regime, but no new A&M trusts can be created after that date. See the Accumulation and maintenance trusts guidance note. TBMs have a more limited application. Except in rare circumstances explained below, they are created on the death of a parent for the benefit of his or her minor children.

Typically, trustees have the power to accumulate income and to apply capital for the benefit of the beneficiary. Therefore they are of a discretionary nature, although it is also possible for TBM beneficiaries to have an interest in possession.

A bereaved minor is a person who is under the age of 18 years and at least one of whose parents has died.

IHTA 1984, s 71C

For these purposes 'parent' includes step-parent, or a person with parental responsibility.

IHTA 1984, s 71H
Inheritance tax concession

Property that is held in a trust for bereaved minors is not subject to the relevant property regime of principal charges and exit charges.

IHTA 1984, s 58(1)(b)

There is no inheritance tax charge as a result of:

  • the bereaved minor attaining the age of 18 or becoming absolutely entitled to the trust property under that age
  • the death of the bereaved minor under the age of 18
  • the trust property being paid or applied for the benefit of the bereaved minor

IHTA 1984, s 71B(2)

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