This Practice Note sets out a summary of the protection that can be obtained for geographical indications and designations of origin, including appellations of origin, protected designations of origin (PDOs) and protected geographical indications (PGIs). It considers how appellations of origin, PDOs and PGIs interact with trade mark law. It sets out details of the international framework for protection pursuant to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property and the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and the limited protection at UK level pursuant to the Trade Marks Act 1994. It examines in detail the protection afforded by EU law for agricultural products and foodstuffs pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012, for wine pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 692/2003 and for spirits pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 110/2008, as well as proposals to expand protection to locally manufactured goods and handicraft products. It also sets out the requirements for applying for protection, and issues to consider when enforcing such rights.
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