The following Owner-Managed Businesses guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
Statutory references to ITTOIA 2005 relate to unincorporated businesses and CTA 2009 relate to companies unless otherwise stated.
Legal and other professional fees can represent substantial costs to a business. A detailed analysis is often required for the purpose of preparing tax computations as this category of expenditure represents a significant risk for disallowed items.
As a general rule, legal and professional fees are usually disallowed due to relating to:
items of a capital nature (this is the most likely category), or
not being wholly and exclusively incurred for the purpose of the trade
The difficulty comes in applying these general rules to particular items of expenditure. Even where an item of expenditure is found to be revenue rather than capital in nature, it still needs to be shown that it also meets the wholly and exclusively test. The general concepts are discussed in the Wholly and exclusively and Capital vs revenue expenditure guidance notes. The legislation does not provide further detail on which fees are disallowable, and for this reason a substantial body of case law has developed regarding the tax treatment applied by the courts in respect of particular expenses.
Where legal and professional fees are incurred in connection with another disallowable expense, they will most likely be disallowed too. Likewise, where legal and professional fees have been incurred in connection with expenditure that is specifically allowed, it is likely to be an allowable deduction.
For further types of legal and professional fees, see Simon’s Taxes B2.449.
Determining whether specific legal and professional fees are allowable can take a considerable amount of work, particularly where the amounts involved are significant. Therefore, some or all of the following actions may be appropriate in preparing the relevant tax return:
ensure as much information as possible is gathered regarding the fees in question. This may include invoices, engagement letters and notes of conversations with those involved in the work, to ensure the true nature
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