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Contributions by Anakiya Consulting Experts

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5G mobile technology
Practice notes

This Practice Note looks at the concept of 5G mobile technology by explaining what the 5G network is and what it will be used for when fully rolled out. It also considers some of the likely legal and regulatory issues associated with the technology.

Communications outsourcing
Practice notes

This Practice Note provides an overview of the types of communications services commonly outsourced and the reasons for outsourcing. Typical outsourcing structures are also explored, together with key provisions, service levels, benchmarking, warranties and additional issues.

EU Roaming Regulations
Practice notes

This Practice Note provides guidance upon the EU Roaming Regulations, which govern mobile phone roaming in the EU. In particular, it considers the 'roam like at home' roaming implementing regulation, pursuant to which roaming charges were abolished across the EU with effect from 15 June 2017.

Resale of mobile voice services
Practice notes

This Practice Note considers the regulation of the resale of mobile voice services, with a particular focus on the UK market. Resale normally takes place when a smaller mobile operator buys services from a larger operator which has been allocated a range of spectrum, and the smaller operator then resells those services in the market. In this scenario, the end customer normally has no contact with the underlying mobile operator and as far as the customer is concerned, its relationship is with the smaller operator and it is the smaller operator that provides the service.

The General Conditions of Entitlement
Practice notes

This Practice Note provides practical guidance on the General Conditions of Entitlement published by the Office of Communications. The General Conditions of Entitlement comprise the general regulatory rules governing the provision of electronic communications networks and services.

Interconnection agreement
Precedents

This is a precedent interconnection agreement for use in the telecommunications sector and pursuant to which two electronic communication network operators may agree terms upon which to interconnect their networks in order to be able to send and receive electronic communications and provide each other with services. In the UK, the obligation for providers to interconnect is imposed by Ofcom if it concludes in a market review that an operator has ‘significant market power’.

MVNO agreement
Precedents

A mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) is a mobile communications service provider that contracts with a mobile network operator (a supplier) for the resale of mobile services. The transaction is a ’white label’ resell meaning that the end customer has no contact with the underlying supplier and as far as the customer is concerned, its relationship is with the MVNO (and it is the MVNO that provides the services). This Precedent serves as an agreement between the MVNO and a supplier for such a transaction. It is drafted on the basis that the supplier and MVNO are directly entering into a services arrangement for the resale provision of mobile services.

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