This Practice Note outlines the rules relating to dissolution, elections and summoning of Parliament under the Fixed-Term Parliaments Act 2011. The usual term of Parliament is five years from the date of the last general election. This Practice Note looks at the circumstances for calling an early election. It also covers the role of the Electoral Commission, electoral offences and disqualification from standing as a member of parliament.
Parliamentary privilege means the rights enjoyed by each House collectively as a constituent part of Parliament; and by Members of each House individually, without which they could not discharge their functions. Some privileges are based purely on the law and custom of Parliament, while others have been defined by statute.
This Practice Note outlines the basic procedures for passage of a Bill in the UK Parliament. Parliament makes and changes the law by considering draft legislation in the form of a Bill. If passed by both Houses of Parliament, a Bill is enacted on Royal Assent and in due course becomes law. The main types of Bills are Public Bills introduced by the government in the House of Commons.
Standing Orders are written rules formulated by each House to regulate proceedings. This Practice Note examines the key Standing Orders of both Houses with more detail on procedures for Parliamentary Questions including Prime Minister’s Questions.
This Practice Note explains key forms and principles of EU law and legislation and examines the impact of Brexit on UK law and legislation derived from EU law.
Using examples from case law, this checklist identifies the key considerations in relation to conducting consultations in the context of public policy and decision making. These considerations include: the duty to consult, who to consult, when to consult, how to consult and what to do next following consultation.
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