The following Value Added Tax guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
IP COMPLETION DAY: 11pm (GMT) on 31 December 2020 marked the end of the Brexit transition / implementation period entered into following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. At this point in time, key transitional arrangements came to an end and significant changes began to take effect across the UK’s VAT and customs regime. This document contains guidance on subjects potentially impacted by these changes. Before continuing your research, see the Brexit — overview guidance note.
It is always useful to consider the views of the higher courts on subjects where the issues are not clear cut. The separation of business activities has yielded a number of interesting and significant cases. This guidance note provides some real-world examples of cases which looked at whether businesses run by associated people (often husbands and wives) were separate businesses or a single business.
For discussion of artificial separation of businesses generally, see the VAT registration ― artificial separation of business activities guidance note.
Mrs Smith ran the catering part of the business, but the only payment she made to her husband towards the facilities she enjoyed was to provide free sandwiches to pub customers on a Thursday night. It was argued by the Smiths that this was he
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Liability of the personal representativesAfter a person’s death, the property of the deceased is vested in the personal representatives (PRs) to enable them to manage and distribute the estate in accordance with the Will or the terms of intestacy. See the Personal representatives guidance note.The
Class 2 and Class 4 NIC are payable by self-employed earners and partners in a partnership. This guidance note considers Class 2 contributions. For Class 4 contributions, see the Class 4 national insurance contributions guidance note.Class 2 NIC arise where a self-employed individual has income
Companies sometimes provide directors, employees or shareholders with low interest (or interest-free) loans either as part of the reward package or on special occasions to help the individual meet significant expenditure. The employment income implications of these loans are discussed in detail in
This guidance note considers the capital gains tax implications where shares are sold in exchange for new shares.The consideration paid by a purchasing company to the shareholder(s) for their shares in a target company could be in the form of either:•new shares in the purchasing company in exchange