Transactions in UK land ― individuals

Produced by Tolley
Transactions in UK land ― individuals

The following Personal Tax guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:

  • Transactions in UK land ― individuals
  • Introduction
  • Conditions ― disposal of UK land
  • Conditions A to D
  • Conditions ― assets that derive at least 50% of their value from UK land
  • Does at least 50% of the value of the asset derive from UK land?
  • Tracing
  • Exemptions
  • Gain attributable to the period before intention to develop the land
  • Gain arises on the disposal of a person’s only or main residence
  • More...

The transactions in UK land rules are anti-avoidance rules that have been in the statute book in one form or another since before the introduction of capital gains tax in 1965.

Generally, if an individual sells land (which includes buildings and any estate or interest in land or buildings), on first principles it is taxable as either:

  1. trading income (if it is a trade or a venture in the nature of trade), or

  2. a capital gain

For a discussion on when a sale of land or buildings could be considered to be trading income, see the Application of the badges of trade guidance note. Those rules on treating the sale as trading income have priority over the anti-avoidance provision discussed in this guidance note.

What if the transaction is not a trade or venture in the nature of trade, but the property was purchased or developed with the intention of making a profit similar to that of a property dealer? This is where the transactions in UK land anti-avoidance provision bites, so as to treat the gain as income.

This guidance note discusses the transactions in UK land regime as it applies to individuals disposing of UK land on or after 5 July 2016. For information on the previous regime, which applied to transactions taking place up to and including 4 July 2016, see the Transactions in land ― pre-2016 rules guidance note.

The transactions in UK land rules also apply to companies. See the Transactions in UK land guidance note.


The transactions in UK land rules apply to ‘persons’, which is widely defined. It includes individuals, personal representatives, trustees and companies. The rules apply to UK residents and UK non-residents. In fact, the driver for the rewriting of the old transactions in land provisions in 2016 was to ensure that non-residents would be caught by the anti-avoidance rules as well as residents.

The rules relate to two types of disposals:

  1. disposals of UK land (whether direct or via

Popular documents