The following Employment Tax guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
IP COMPLETION DAY: 11pm (GMT) on 31 December 2020 marked the end of the Brexit transition / implementation period entered into following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. At this point in time, key transitional arrangements came to an end and significant tax changes associated with Brexit began to take effect. This document contains guidance on subjects potentially impacted by these changes. Before continuing your research, see the Brexit ― personal and employment tax implications guidance note.
The starting point for determining the tax treatment of a seafarer, as with any other employee, is to determine whether he is resident in the UK. For tax years 2013/14 onwards, the statutory residence test (SRT) in FA 2013, Sch 45 determines an individual’s residence for tax purposes. For more on the SRT, see the Statutory residence test guidance note.
The SRT rules include various tests that depend on the amount of time the person spends working in the UK or overseas, or the number of days on which he works in the UK. The way in which those tests normally work is varied for international transport workers who have a relevant job on a vehicle, aircraft or ship.
In the context of employment as a seafarer, a relevant job is one where the duties of the employment are performed on board a ship while it is travelling and substantially all of the trips made in performing those duties are ones that involve crossing an international boundary. HMRC’s view is that if the employment is one where 80% of trips undertaken are cross-border trips, the substantially all of the trips test is satisfied (see RDRM11780).
Where a seafarer has a relevant job and makes six or more cross border trips during the course of the tax year, neither the third automatic UK test (sufficient hours worked in the UK) nor the third automatic overseas test (sufficient hours worked overseas) apply.
If the seafarer has to consider the ‘sufficient ties test’
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