The following Personal Tax guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
The rent-a-room scheme was introduced in the early 1990s to encourage homeowners to take in lodgers.
Fundamentally, the rent-a-room scheme is a relief which means that the rent received by an individual from a lodger (up to a prescribed limit) can be exempt from income tax. If the gross rents are less than £7,500 (£4,250 for tax years between 1997/98 and 2015/16), the income is ignored for income tax purposes, although this limit will be halved if another person is also entitled to the income. For example, where a couple own the property jointly, the limit is reduced to £3,750 each, even if the income is not split equally.
The rent-a-room scheme is designed to apply where a lodger shares the taxpayer’s own home. It cannot be applied to rooms let as an office or otherwise for business purposes, although this would not prevent the lodger from, say, being a student with an area set aside for study.
See the Flowchart ― rent-a-room relief.
It was announced at Budget 2018 that the planned change to the rent-a-room relief rules to add a shared occupancy condition would not be legislated in FA 2019. It would appear that this proposal was dropped following the responses to the draft Finance Bill 2019 legislation in favour of the shared occupancy amendment to lettings relief for principal private residence (PPR) relief (announced on the same day).
To qualify for rent-a-room relief, the individual must receive rent or payment for goods / services (eg meals, cleaning and laundry) in respect of accommodation. The rent must accrue to the individual during the ‘income period’ (see below). The income must be otherwise chargeable to tax either as trading income or property income (ie the income is not exempt by any other provision).
However, it is unusual for payments from a lodger to be trading income, as services other than the accommodation need to be provided for the
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