The following Owner-Managed Businesses guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
Subject to meeting various conditions which are discussed below, companies can claim a statutory deduction from profits for share awards to directors / employees or to another person acquiring shares by reason of an employment. The underlying policy of the provision is to recognise the increasing use of shares as part of an employee’s remuneration package. Remuneration expenses are generally deductible for corporation tax purposes, however, expenses relating to shares are usually classed as capital and are therefore not deductible. Therefore, specific legislation is required to allow a deduction for employee share acquisitions in certain circumstances, as described below.
Generally, the amount of relief available mirrors the amount chargeable to income tax on the recipient, eg there is no income tax charge under an EMI scheme (dealt with further below). The shares can be given as part of an approved share scheme with beneficial income tax treatment, an unapproved share option scheme or gifts of shares. See BIM44015 for a table which summarises the income tax and NIC treatment of various approved and unapproved share schemes.
Relief is available when shares are acquired, either where the shares are provided directly or via the granting of an option. For further guidance on the timing of relief, see below under ‘Available deduction’.
The company may be entitled to a deduction in calculating its taxable total profits. For further guidance, see the Taxable Total Profits (TTP) guidance note. The availability, timing and amount of any deduction will depend on how the shares are made available to the employee. This is considered further below.
There are conditions for the relief in respect of:
the employee in respect of whose employment the shares are awarded
the employing company
the shares acquired
Broadly, the employee must be subject to income tax on the acquisition of the shares. This does not necessarily mean that the employee will have to pay income tax, as the definition covers schemes offering exemption from
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