The following Corporation Tax guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
Companies Act 2006 allows a company to repurchase its own issued share capital, provided certain conditions are met. This type of transaction is sometimes referred to as a ‘share buyback’ or a ‘purchase of own shares’.
The repurchased shares can either be immediately cancelled, which is typically the case, or they may in some circumstances be retained by the company (effectively ‘in treasury’). If the shares are retained, companies can sell them for cash (to raise funds or under an option scheme) or transfer them for the purposes of employee share schemes. These shares, referred to as ‘treasury shares’, are dealt within further detail in the Treasury shares following a share buy back guidance note.
The tax treatment for the shareholders in a company on a purchase of own shares will fall into one of two categories ― either the ‘income treatment’ or the ‘capital treatment’. Under the income treatment, the purchase is dealt withas an income distribution (ie dividend). However, there is an exception for buybacks made by unquoted trading companies where, provided certain conditions are met, the seller is instead treated as making a capital disposal. See the Income treatment for purchase of own shares and Capital treatment for purchase of own shares guidance notes for further details.
An advance clearance procedure is available to obtain certainty on HMRC’s view of the tax treatment of the buyback. This is explored further in the Purchase of own shares clearances and reporting guidance note.
This and subsequent guidance notes in this sub-topic focus primarily on the tax and legal aspects of a share buyback involving a private limited company. For shareholders in such companies, a purchase of own shares can offer a tax efficient exit route from the company. It may also offer a convenient way of buying out a shareholder without the need for a more complex share reorganisation or reconstruction.
There are a number of situations where a
**Free trials are only available to individuals based in the UK. We may terminate this trial at any time or decide not to give a trial, for any reason.
Access this article and thousands of others like it free for 7 days with a trial of TolleyGuidance.
Read full article
Already a subscriber? Login
There are several sets of provisions in the Taxes Acts which relate to ‘close’ companies, most of which are anti-avoidance measures aiming to catch transactions between those companies affected and their owners, where there may otherwise be a tax advantage. Broadly speaking, most owner-managed or
IntroductionUK tax must be withheld on UK payments including:•interest•royalties•rental incomeWithholding tax may be reduced under double tax treaties (DTT) or European directives, both of which may be subject to making a formal claim.This guidance note outlines the rules for UK withholding tax, and
Normal due dateSmall companies (including marginal relief companies) are required to pay all of their corporation tax ― nine months and one day ― after the end of the chargeable accounting period.For example, where a chargeable accounting period ends on 31 December 2018, the due and payable date for
This guidance note considers the capital gains tax implications where shares are sold in exchange for new shares.The consideration paid by a purchasing company to the shareholder(s) for their shares in a target company could be in the form of either:•new shares in the vendor in exchange for shares
To view our latest tax guidance content, sign in to Tolley Guidance or register for a free trial.