The following Corporation Tax guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
Companies Act 2006 allows a company to repurchase its own issued share capital, provided certain conditions are met. This type of transaction is sometimes referred to as a ‘share buyback’ or a ‘purchase of own shares’.
The repurchased shares can either be immediately cancelled, which is typically the case, or they may in some circumstances be retained by the company (effectively ‘in treasury’). If the shares are retained, companies can sell them for cash (to raise funds or under an option scheme) or transfer them for the purposes of employee share schemes. These shares, referred to as ‘treasury shares’, are dealt with in further detail in the Treasury shares following a share buy back guidance note.
The tax treatment for the shareholders in a company on a purchase of own shares will fall into one of two categories ― either the ‘income treatment’ or the ‘capital treatment’. Under the income treatment, the purchase is dealt with as an income distribution (ie dividend). However, there is an exception for buybacks made by unquoted trading companies where, provided certain conditions are met, the seller is instead treated as making a capital disposal. See the Income treatment for purchase of own shares and Capital treatment for purchase of own shares guidance notes for further details.
An advance clearance procedure is available to obtain certainty on HMRC’s view of the tax treatment of the buyback. This is explored further in the Purchase of own shares clearances and reporting guidance note.
This and subsequent guidance notes in this sub-topic focus primarily on the tax and legal aspects of a share buyback involving a private limited company. For shareholders in such companies, a purchase of own shares can offer a tax efficient exit route from the company. It may also offer a convenient way of buying out a shareholder without the need for a more complex share reorganisation or reconstruction.
There are a number of situations where a
**Free trials are only available to individuals based in the UK. We may terminate this trial at any time or decide not to give a trial, for any reason.
Access this article and thousands of others like it free for 7 days with a trial of TolleyGuidance.
Read full article
Already a subscriber? Login
Normal due dateIndividuals are required to pay any outstanding income tax and Class 4 National Insurance, Class 2 National Insurance, and capital gains tax due for the tax year by 31 January following the end of the tax year (ie 31 January 2021 for the 2019/20 tax year). From 6 April 2020, UK
Maintenance payments are payments made by a taxpayer to their former or separated spouse for the maintenance of that former spouse or their children. To obtain any tax relief for maintenance payments, one of the couple must have been born before 5 April 1935 and the payments must be made by virtue
From 6 April 2015, an individual can elect to transfer 10% of the personal allowance (£1,250 in 2020/21 and 2019/20) to the spouse or civil partner where neither party is a higher rate or additional rate taxpayer. The legislation calls this the ‘transferable tax allowance’ but the GOV.UK website
Business asset disposal relief (previously known as entrepreneurs’ relief) is a capital gains tax (CGT) relief that allows business owners with chargeable gains on qualifying business assets to pay CGT at a rate of 10%. For disposals made on or after 11 March 2020, the relief is available on up to
To view our latest tax guidance content, sign in to Tolley Guidance or register for a free trial.