The following Owner-Managed Businesses guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
The distinction between dealing or development and investing in property is crucial to many areas of tax law. Often it will be quite clear cut as to whether a person is trading or investing in land. A person buying property to let out long term will be making a property investment, whereas someone buying a property to refurbish and sell will most likely be trading as a property dealer or property developer. However, where does one draw the line between activity regarded as dealing and activity looked upon as investment?
First, it is important to realise that the tests for whether one is dealing in property or making a property investment are the same as for any other trade. Therefore, a good place to start is to look at the ‘badges of trade’.
The badges of trade are not a statutory concept, but are a recognised set of criteria developed by the courts to identify when a person is undertaking a trading activity. They can be applied to property transactions just as they can to a variety of other activities.
It is not necessary for a transaction to have all of the badges in order to be regarded as dealing or developing and clearly some badges will carry greater weight than others, depending on the f
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There are several sets of provisions in the Taxes Acts which relate to ‘close’ companies, most of which are anti-avoidance measures aiming to catch transactions between those companies affected and their owners, where there may otherwise be a tax advantage. Broadly speaking, most owner-managed or
‘Hold-over’ relief allows for the deferral of a gain that would otherwise arise in relation to a disposal. No capital gains tax (CGT) is due in respect of the disposal, but the base cost of the asset for the transferee for the purpose of a future disposal is reduced by an amount equal to the gain
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Duty to prepare trust accountsUnder the laws of England and Wales, trustees have a duty to account to the beneficiaries for their financial administration of the trust fund. This duty is established by a substantial body of case law. In the case of Armitage v Nurse, Millett LJ stated:“Every
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