Owner-Managed Businesses

Property allowance

Produced by Tolley
  • 19 Oct 2021 08:10

The following Owner-Managed Businesses guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:

  • Property allowance
  • Relevant property income for the property allowance
  • General exclusions from the property allowance
  • Exclusion from the property allowance where residential property finance costs are incurred
  • Mechanism of relief
  • Full relief ― gross receipts of up to £1,000
  • Partial relief ― gross receipts of more than £1,000
  • Interaction with other provisions
  • Remittance basis
  • High income child benefit charge and abatement of the personal allowances

Property allowance

The £1,000 allowances for property and trading income were introduced from 2017/18 onwards. This guidance note considers the property allowance, although commentary is included in relation to the trading allowance, if relevant. For full details of the trading allowance, see the Trading allowance guidance note.

The property allowance works in a similar way to rent-a-room relief, in that the first £1,000 of gross property income is exempt from income tax. If the income exceeds £1,000, the taxpayer has a choice of:

  1. deducting the £1,000 property allowance from their gross income and being taxable on the excess, or

  2. deducting allowable expenses from gross property income in the normal way

The trading allowance and property allowance are mutually exclusive. Therefore, it is possible for the individual to have £1,000 of gross trading receipts (which must include miscellaneous receipts) and £1,000 of gross property receipts, and the entire £2,000 would be exempt from income tax.

The property allowance is of most benefit to micro-entrepreneurs, such as those letting property through sites such as Airbnb, although it is worth considering whether rent-a-room relief applies as the relief is more generous, see the Rent-a-room relief guidance note.

Although not explicitly branded as a making tax digital measure, the property allowance removes reporting obligations for those with low levels of second income, which is a welcome simplification. It also means that those who are accidentally non-compliant may nolonger face penalties.

The property allowance is set at £1,000 and can only be amended by secondary legislation, meaning it is unlikely that the level of the allowance will be up-rated annually. As such, the value of the allowance is likely to be eroded over time by inflation.

Relevant property income for the property allowance

The property allowance applies to the total ‘relievable receipts’ from any ‘relevant property business’ carried on by the individual. The definition of these terms is key.

TermComment
Relevant property businessThis is any property business carried on by

Access this article and thousands of others like it
free for 7 days with a trial of TolleyGuidance.

Think Tax.
Think Tolley.

Critical, comprehensive and up-to-date tax information

LEARN MORE LEARN MORE

Popular Articles

Audit of tax

Tax professionals will often be asked to provide input into the financial statement work undertaken by audit professionals. This guidance note is intended to give an overview of some of the key issues when undertaking audit work.This note is an introduction only and is written on the assumption that

14 Oct 2021 18:44 | Produced by Tolley in association with Nick Watson Read more Read more

Definition of a close company

The detailed definition of a close company is set out below but in summary the rules are targeted at those companies where the owners can manipulate the activities of the company to influence their own tax position. Therefore, broadly speaking, most owner-managed or private family businesses will be

22 Oct 2021 10:21 | Produced by Tolley Read more Read more

Share for share exchange

This guidance note considers the capital gains tax implications where shares are sold in exchange for new shares.The consideration paid by a purchasing company to the shareholder(s) for their shares in a target company could be in the form of either:•new shares in the purchasing company in exchange

10 Jan 2022 15:02 | Produced by Tolley Read more Read more