Overview of the rules on disposals of interests in UK land by non-residents

Produced by Tolley

The following Corporation Tax guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:

  • Overview of the rules on disposals of interests in UK land by non-residents
  • Development of the law
  • Summary of the FA19 NRCGT regime
  • Rates of tax
  • Exclusions
  • Key practical points
  • Which disposals are chargeable?
  • Interests in UK land
  • Non-residence
  • Capital losses on disposals by non-resident companies
  • More...

Development of the law

Prior to April 2013, non-resident companies were typically not within the scope of UK corporation tax on chargeable gains, save in respect of capital assets which were used as part of a UK permanent establishment. This offered a particular incentive to non-resident companies investing in UK land. However, from April 2013, there has been a gradual erosion of this tax benefit.

The following legislative measures diminished the attractiveness of investing in UK immovable property for non-resident persons:

  1. from 6 April 2013, disposals of high value UK residential property by non-resident companies, partnerships with a corporate member and collective investment schemes became subject to CGT at a rate of 28% where the property was chargeable to the annual tax on enveloped dwellings (ATED-related gains). This regime was repealed for disposals made on or after 6 April 2019. It should be noted that while the ATED-related gains regime has been repealed, the ATED charge itself still applies, where relevant. For more on the ATED charge and the ATED-related CGT provisions, see the Overview of the ATED regime guidance note and Simon’s Taxes C2.1125–C2.1129A

  2. from 6 April 2015, a CGT charge applied more generally to non-UK residents disposing of UK residential property. The charge applied to a much broader class of non-UK residents and irrespective of the value of the residential property held. From this date, non-UK resident individuals, closely-held companies, trustees, personal representatives and funds disposing of UK residential property were within the scope of CGT. This regime has been superseded by the FA19 NRCGT regime (see below) for disposals made on or after 6 April 2019. For more information on the former rules, see the Non-resident capital gains tax (NRCGT) on UK residential property (2015–2019 rules) guidance note and Simon’s Taxes C2.1130–C2.1135

From 6 April 2019, the scope of UK tax on non-residents holding interests in UK land (referred to in the remainder of this guidance note as the ‘FA19 NRCGT regime’) was

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