The following Employment Tax guidance note Produced by Tolley in association with Paul Tew provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
In the past, HMRC has investigated a number of attempted avoidance schemes involving offshore employment intermediaries. Those schemes were mainly aimed at avoiding secondary (employer) Class 1 NIC. HMRC considered most, if not all, of the schemes to be flawed, and it continues to challenge them, although enquiries can be complex. Against this backdrop, HMRC conducted a review during 2013 as to how best to change the rules relating to offshore employment intermediaries being used to avoid tax and NIC to make enforcement easier. This focused in particular on the deliberate hiring via an offshore entity (agency) to take advantage of the rule that payment of contributions cannot be enforced where the employer has no place of business in the UK.
As a result of the review and subsequent consultation process, the government introduced legislation effective from 6 April 2014 to prevent avoidance in the payment of secondary NIC by offshore umbrella and agency companies, and where workers are employed on the UK Continental Shelf (UKCS) (in particular, those in the oil and gas industries).
However, those UK ‘host’ businesses already compliant and deducting PAYE including Class 1 NIC should not be materially affected by the revised legislation. The thought process behind the legislation is that where PAYE has not been correctly applied by an engager, HMRC will be more easily able to ascertain the facts in each case, in order to assist enforcement and ensure a clear hierarchy between the ‘host’ employer rule and the agency rule.
SI 1978/1689 was amended with effect from 6 April 2014, making changes to who is responsible for paying employer NIC and deducting employee NIC. Previously, the regulations placed this responsibility with the agency with the contract with the worker. The revised regulations ensure that where a worker is employed by an offshore company or engaged through a third party, such as an employment business, and that
**Free trials are only available to individuals based in the UK. We may terminate this trial at any time or decide not to give a trial, for any reason.
Access this article and thousands of others like it free for 7 days with a trial of TolleyGuidance.
Read full article
Already a subscriber? Login
Arguably, the most important exemption from IHT is the married couple / civil partner exemption.There is no IHT to pay on gifts from husband to wife and vice versa, or from one civil partner to the other (referred to collectively in this note as ‘spouses’). The exemption applies to inter-spouse
List of supplies that are exempt from VATThe goods or services that are exempt from VAT are listed under various group headings within VATA 1994, Sch 9.It is important to remember that not all supplies that come within a heading will be exempt from VAT. For example, income from the placing of bets
The married couple’s allowance (MCA) is only available if one of the two spouses or civil partners was born before 6 April 1935. This means that one member of the couple must be at least 87 years old on 5 April 2022 to qualify for an allowance in the 2021/22 tax year.There is a distinction in the
Restriction of carry forward and carry back of trading lossesFollowing the extensive changes to the loss carry forward provisions introduced from 1 April 2017, the anti-avoidance rules restricting the offset of trading losses following a change in ownership were tightened up and extended.