The following Owner-Managed Businesses guidance note Produced by Tolley in association with Julie Butler provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
The Incorporation ― introduction and procedure guidance note summarises various tax implications of incorporating a business. This note provides further details of the NIC aspects.
When a sole trader transfers their business to a company, they will be changing their status for NIC purposes.
Sole traders pay NIC under Class 2 and Class 4. Class 2 contributions are fixed (£3.05 per week for 2021/22 and 2020/21) and are payable on an annual basis through the self-assessment system. For further details, see the Class 2 national insurance contributions guidance note.
Class 4 contributions are based on the taxable trading profits and are charged at 9% between the upper and lower profit limits and at 2% on profits in excess of the upper limit. The lower and upper limits for 2021/22 are £9,568 and £50,270 respectively (2020
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Class 2 and Class 4 national insurance contributions (NIC) are paid by self-employed individuals and partners in a partnership on their profits arising within the UK. This guidance note considers Class 4 contributions. For Class 2 contributions, see the Class 2 national insurance contributions
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