The following Value Added Tax guidance note by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
Different rules apply to the importation of goods into the UK from a country outside of the EU. This guidance note is intended to give a general overview of the rules and procedures adopted in respect of imported goods. This guidance note only covers VAT and not customs or Excise duty. If the goods are being purchased from a vendor in another EU member state, please see the Buying goods from other EU vendors guidance note for more information. More information on customs duty and import procedures can be found in the ‘Union Customs Code’ subsection.
Import VAT and customs duty are normally charged and are usually payable at the point when the goods enter the UK (unless the supplier or his agent has been approved to use the duty deferment facility, see the Delaying payment of import taxes guidance note for more information). Goods normally enter the UK at a port or airport.
Import VAT is charged at the same rate as if the goods were supplied in the UK. Therefore, zero-rated goods, such as books, should be imported without VAT as books are currently zero-rated in the UK. Please see the Overview ― items liable to VAT at the zero-rate guidance note for more information on the types of goods that can be imported at the zero-rate.
It is important to remember that customs duty could also be charged on the goods as a separate tax even if the goods are liable to VAT at the zero-rate.
If an overseas business intends to import goods into the UK,
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