Gifts and reciprocal loans

By Tolley

The following Trusts and Inheritance Tax guidance note by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:

  • Gifts and reciprocal loans
  • Debts disallowed under the anti-avoidance rule
  • Calculation of the tax

Debts disallowed under the anti-avoidance rule

The general rule is that liabilities are deducted from the value of an estate to determine the amount charged to inheritance tax. Refinements to this rule are described in the Expenses and liabilities guidance note.

IHTA 1984, s 5(3)

There is a specific anti-avoidance rule targeted at situations where a liability has been ‘artificially’ created in the estate of the taxpayer. No deduction is allowed for any debt owed by the deceased where the sum lent to him derives from property previously given away by him.

FA 1986, s 103(1)

Such a debt might arise where:

  • the deceased had given money to another person who, in turn, had lent it back to him, or
  • the deceased had given property to another person and that person, in turn, mortgages the property, lending the money raised in this way back to the donor (alternatively the other person may sell the property back, leaving the debt outstanding)

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