Follower notices

Produced by Tolley
Follower notices

The following Personal Tax guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:

  • Follower notices
  • Introduction
  • Timeline for issue of a follower notice
  • Criteria for issue of a follower notice
  • Definition of ‘tax advantage’ and ‘tax arrangements’
  • When is a judicial ruling final?
  • Application of the final judicial ruling to the taxpayer’s case
  • Options open to the taxpayer on receipt of the follower notice
  • Necessary corrective action
  • Commencement
  • More...

Introduction

HMRC can issue ‘follower notices’ requiring taxpayers to take ‘necessary corrective action’ (ie amend their returns / claims or drop their appeals) where:

  1. the return or claim is subject to an ongoing enquiry or appeal (this includes an appeal against an assessment, determination or closure notice issued by HMRC), and

  2. there is a final judgment (which includes a decision in the First-tier Tribunal which is not appealed) in a tax case which HMRC is of the opinion applies to the taxpayer’s situation

FA 2014, ss 204–205

The penalties for failing to take the necessary corrective action following receipt of a notice can be as much as 50% of the tax and / or NIC at stake and will apply in addition to any other penalties due up to a maximum of 100% of the tax (higher maximum percentages apply where an offshore matter is involved). For more on offshore matters, see the Penalties for offshore matters and offshore transfers guidance note.

The taxpayer must decide whether they should:

  1. accept the follower notice, take the necessary corrective action and pay the tax and / or NIC due (plus interest and penalties), or

  2. continue with the enquiry / litigation and appeal the penalty charged by HMRC for failing to take corrective action on receipt of a follower notice

If the taxpayer takes the second option they will have to pay not only the tax but also a penalty of up to 100% of the tax (higher if there is an offshore element involved) if he:

  1. loses the litigation on the tax / NIC advantage issue, and

  2. loses or abandons the litigation on the penalty for failure to take the necessary corrective action

If the taxpayer takes this option they will also be issued with an accelerated payment notice, which requires that the understated tax be paid within 90 days, although HMRC practice is to issue an APN alongside a follower notice as a matter of course. See the Accelerated payment

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