The following Owner-Managed Businesses guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
There is generally a tax advantage to extracting profits by way of dividends, often once a salary had been taken to utilise the personal allowance, ensure entitlement to certain state benefits and in certain cases to ensure payment of at least the National Minimum Wage, see the Salary v dividend guidance note.
Dividend planning strategies include consideration of cashflow issues, administrative ease as well as tax savings. Clients whose businesses were previously run in unincorporated forms can find it difficult to adhere to remuneration strategies and need to exercise particular care in this area.
A newly incorporated business needs to be aware of the legal requirements for paying dividends, as set out in the Dividends ― payment procedures and practical issues guidance note. Furthermore, it is important to ensure that shareholders are aware of any personal tax liabilities relating to dividends.
One aspect of dividend planning is the effect of dividends being forced up into the higher tax rates. This is one of the reasons why dividend planning should be undertaken only with reliable estimates of other incomes. It is also a reason why dividend planning is sometimes best left until towards the end of the tax year.
The differential between the basic rate and higher rate of income tax on dividends is greater than that for non-savings income and savings. As the top-slice of income, it is also the income that breaches the higher tax rate and additional rate band.
The rates for 2020/21 can be summarised as follows (for simplicity this ignores nil rate bands and personal allowances):
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