Disabled person’s interest

Produced by Tolley

The following Trusts and Inheritance Tax guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:

  • Disabled person’s interest
  • What is a disabled person’s interest?
  • IHT treatment of a disabled person’s interest
  • Qualifying conditions for a disabled person’s interest
  • The four types of disabled person’s interest
  • Discretionary trust for a disabled beneficiary
  • Interest in possession trust for disabled beneficiary
  • Self-settlement on discretionary terms
  • Self-settlement with an interest in possession
  • Practical considerations for disabled trusts

Disabled person’s interest

What is a disabled person’s interest?

A disabled person’s interest (DPI) is a disabled person’s entitlement to property held in trust. The entitlement could be discretionary or fixed. It is usually created by another person for their benefit but could also be created by themselves.

A trust for a disabled person receives special inheritance tax (IHT) treatment whether created during lifetime or following a death.

The definition of a ‘disabled person’ includes someone who:

  1. cannot manage their own affairs because of mental disorder

  2. is receiving certain welfare benefits indicating a physical or mental disability

For the full definition, see the Disabled and vulnerable beneficiary trusts ― uniform definitions guidance note.

IHT treatment of a disabled person’s interest

A DPI is a qualifying interest in possession (QIIP). See the Qualifying interest in possession guidance note.

For IHT purposes, this means that the disable person is treated as if they own the underlying trust property, with the following consequences:

  1. a person who transfers property during his lifetime to a trust for a disabled person makes a potentially exempt transfer (PET) (see the Potentially exempt transfers guidance note). Apart from a bare trust, this is the only example of a lifetime trust created after 22 March 2006 that is not a relevant property trust

  2. the settlor of a self-settlement (see below) does not make a PET. It is not an event for IHT purposes because the property remains within their estate

  3. there are no IHT consequences on any payment of capital by the trustees to the disabled person during their lifetime (again, because the property remains in their estate)

  4. a payment of capital to other beneficiaries, which may be permitted under the terms of the trust, is a termination of the disabled person’s interest in possession (in respect of those assets) and is a PET. It will become chargeable if the disabled beneficiary dies within seven years

  5. on the death of the disabled beneficiary, the value of their interest in

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