Capital gains of a partnership

Produced by Tolley
Capital gains of a partnership

The following Owner-Managed Businesses guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:

  • Capital gains of a partnership
  • Introduction
  • Allocation of gains
  • Calculation of gains
  • Acquisition of capital assets
  • Disposals of capital assets
  • Disposal of an asset to a third party
  • Disposal of a fractional share of an asset between the partners
  • Asset transferred to the partnership by a partner
  • Asset transferred from the partnership to a partner
  • More...

Introduction

This note details the capital gains tax rules for partners. For the tax on partnership profits, rather than gains, see the Trading profits of a partnership guidance note.

This note assumes a general knowledge of capital gains tax for individuals and companies. For detailed guidance on capital gains of individuals, see the Introduction to capital gains tax guidance note. For companies, see the Calculation of corporate capital gains guidance note.

See also Simon’s Taxes B7.406 onwards.

This note does not consider the tax position of foreign partners or of partnerships controlled abroad; see Simon’s Taxes B7.515 for this detail.

Allocation of gains

Once it is established that an asset is a partnership asset (see the Capital allowances - partnership changes guidance note), the partners are free to agree amongst themselves how the gains on the partnership asset are to be allocated.

There is no requirement that gains should be allocated in the same proportion as profits, or that the allocation should reflect the contributions made by the partners.

The ratio in which gains are allocated should be set out in the partnership agreement or in other documentation, such as minutes of partnership meetings. Failing that, the partnership accounts can be used to demonstrate the ratios. If there is no written agreement or other evidence, the default position is that the assets should be treated as held by the partners in equal proportions.

Calculation of gains

Each partner is treated as owning a fractional interest in the partnership assets. The value of a partner’s share in a partnership asset is his percentage share of the total asset. There is no discount or premium to reflect a majority or minority holding, but rather a simple division. See Example 1.

As all partnerships are transparent (see the Partnerships ― overview guidance note), any acquisition or disposal of a partnership asset is treated as made by the partners and not by the partnership.

Therefore, any capital gains tax due on disposal of a partnership asset is

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