The following Owner-Managed Businesses guidance note Produced by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
In the broadest sense, capital allowances are a form of tax-approved depreciation. Depreciation, as calculated under GAAP, is not an allowable deduction in computing the chargeable profits of a trade because it is an item of a capital nature. See the Capital vs revenue expenditure guidance note. Instead, relief is given by treating the capital allowances as an expense to be deducted when arriving at the taxable trading profits. Likewise, any charges are treated as taxable receipts.
In addition to traders (self-employed individuals, partnerships or trading companies), capital allowances can also be claimed by for expenditure incurred by property businesses and certain other qualifying activities. See the Capital allowances - general requirements guidance note.
The following table summarises the main capital allowances available, the rate of the allowance and if relevant any important dates or points to note, for further details including any relevant qualifying conditions or restrictions see the relevant guidance note as linked in the table.
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‘Hold-over’ relief allows for the deferral of a gain that would otherwise arise in relation to a disposal. No capital gains tax (CGT) is due in respect of the disposal, but the base cost of the asset for the transferee for the purpose of a future disposal is reduced by an amount equal to the gain
The basic rule is that all benefits provided to an employee by reason of their employment are taxable unless there is a specific exemption or other rule that means they are not chargeable to tax.ExemptionsThe main exemptions for employee benefits are in ITEPA 2003, ss 227–326B (Pt 4).Below is an
Expenditure of a capital nature is not allowed as a deduction when calculating trading profits. Expenditure of a revenue nature is allowable, provided there is no specific statutory rule prohibiting a deduction and the expenditure also satisfies the wholly and exclusively test. See the Wholly and
Class 1 and Class 1AClass 1 and Class 1A are the categories of NIC that can be charged on expenses reimbursed and benefits provided to employees. These classes are mutually exclusive. A benefit cannot be subject to both Class 1 and Class 1A NIC. Three requirements must be met before Class 1A NIC is
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