The following Owner-Managed Businesses guidance note Produced by Tolley in association with Philip Rutherford provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
The rate of the penalty chargeable on the taxpayer under the harmonised penalty regime is based on the behaviour of the taxpayer and whether the error came to light from an unprompted or prompted disclosure. Once these factors have been decided, a penalty is calculated based on the potential lost revenue (PLR). The PLR is defined as the additional tax arising as a result of correcting the inaccuracy or assessment as determined by FA 2007, Sch 24, para 5. For the purposes of calculating the PLR, tax includes national insurance contributions. For HMRC guidance on PLR, see CH82150–CH82273.
For details of the behaviours, see the Calculating the penalty for inaccuracies in returns ― behaviour of the taxpayer guidance note.
For more on whether the disclosure is prompted or unprompted, see the Penalty reductions for inaccuracies guidance note.
Over-statements, which can include previously unmade claims to reliefs or deductions available, are only set against understatements in calculating the PLR where they relate to the same type of liability and the same tax period. A
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From 6 April 2015, an individual can elect to transfer 10% of the personal allowance (£1,250 in 2020/21 and 2019/20) to the spouse or civil partner where neither party is a higher rate or additional rate taxpayer. The legislation calls this the ‘transferable tax allowance’ but the GOV.UK website
Duty to prepare trust accountsUnder the laws of England and Wales, trustees have a duty to account to the beneficiaries for their financial administration of the trust fund. This duty is established by a substantial body of case law. In the case of Armitage v Nurse, Millett LJ stated:“Every
This guidance note provides an overview of the steps businesses need to take if aspects of their business change, and as a result, they need to notify HMRC about the change.Changes to name and / or addressIf a business changes its name and / or its address then it is required to notify HMRC of the
Class 1 and Class 1AClass 1 and Class 1A are the categories of NIC that can be charged on expenses reimbursed and benefits provided to employees. These classes are mutually exclusive. A benefit cannot be subject to both Class 1 and Class 1A NIC. Three requirements must be met before Class 1A NIC is
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