Commentary

I2.202 The Duke of Westminster

IHT, trusts and estates

I2.202 The Duke of Westminster

I2.202 The Duke of Westminster

In the Duke of Westminster's1 case, the Duke executed deeds of covenant in favour of employees in such amounts that the covenantees, if they remained in the Duke's service, would receive sums equivalent to their wages and salaries. If they left the service of the Duke, the payments would still have been due. In nearly all instances it was explained to the employee that, while the deed did not prevent his claiming ordinary wages in addition to the amounts due under the deed, it was expected that he would not do so. It was argued for the Crown that, although in form the transaction was a grant of an annuity, the transaction was in substance merely one whereby the annuity must be treated as salary. The Special Commissioners accepted this contention but the Court of Appeal allowed the Duke's appeal and the House of Lords upheld the CA decision (by a 4–1 majority,

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