The following Owner-Managed Businesses guidance note by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
This guidance note deals with the rules regarding payment of tax, and making claims for repayment of tax on loans to participators. For information on the definition of close companies and other relevant definitions, please see the Definition of a close company guidance note.
For a summary of tax implications of close company status, see the Implications of close company status guidance note.
For loans or advances made on or after 6 April 2016 by a close company, a tax charge of 32.5% (25% prior to 2016/17) will apply if the loan was made otherwise than in the ordinary course of a business carried on by it, which includes the lending of money to any of the following:
The company must pay tax on the amount of the loan or advance that is outstanding nine months after the accounting period end in which it was made. The rate of tax is 32.5% for relevant loans made or benefits conferred by close companies on or after 6 April 2016, and 25% for loans made or benefits conferred before 6 April 2016. These rates aim to prevent an unfair tax advantage from being obtained from the difference between the rate of tax on loans and benefits etc to participators, and the rate of tax on dividends.
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