The following Employment Tax guidance note by Tolley provides comprehensive and up to date tax information covering:
If a volunteer or voluntary worker receives no payment or benefits at all in connection with the voluntary work, the question of tax and national insurance obviously does not arise.
If the volunteer incurs expenses in carrying out the voluntary work, and is either paid in advance or reimbursed for those expenses (an nothing more), the expenses or reimbursements are not taxable or subject to NIC. Similarly if the organisation for which the volunteer works makes reasonable payments to cover expenses which the volunteer would not otherwise have incurred, such as the cost of travelling from home to the place where the voluntary work is done, there is no tax or NIC due.
Organisations using volunteers may want to use HMRC’s scale rates to cover volunteer’s travel and subsistence costs, as these are accepted by HMRC as being ‘reasonable’ and should not, of themselves, trigger any argument from HMRC that there is a liability to tax. See the Excessive levels of expenses guidance note for more on the using HMRC’s scale rates.
However, if the organisation pays or provides more than described above, then there may be difficulties, both from the perspective of tax and NIC and also in connection with the National Minimum Wage legislation (see below).
In order for tax and NIC on employment income to come into the picture, there needs to be two elements present:
If a person holds an office with the organisation in question, and receives anything other than reasonable reimbursement of expenses, any such payments or benefits are likely to
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